Fault Tolerance in IoT: Techniques and Comparative Study
Fault tolerance increases system availability and reliability by making systems robust to failures and proactive enough to tackle failures. Fault tolerance can be introduced at different architectural layers of the Internet of Things (IoT), this is because a fault can occur at any of the layers. As for example, motion sensors, and motors can fail at the root layer, network connectivity could be disrupted in network layer, computation and storage nodes can perform erroneously in their layers, so it becomes crucial to introduce fault tolerance in IoT systems at every layer. The study paves the way for classifying current and possible fault tolerant approaches by presenting different techniques(replication, network control etc.), architectural patterns(centralized, hybrid etc.), layers(network, sense etc.) & styles(Microservices, Publish-Subscribe etc.) that can help in making a system fault tolerant efficiently. Paper also discusses current trends in fault tolerance, areas that have been widely worked upon and areas that can act as a future scope, in making IoT based systems fault tolerant and efficient.
2.“What Is Fault Tolerance?: Creating a Fault Tolerant System: Imperva.” Learning Center, Imperva, 30 Dec. 2019, www.imperva.com/learn/availability/fault-tolerance/.
3.Tusher Chakraborty, Akshay Uttama Nambi, Ranveer Chandra, Rahul Sharma, Manohar Swaminathan, Zerina Kapetanovic, and Jonathan Appavoo. 2018. Fall-curve: A novel primitive for IoT Fault Detection and Isolation. In Proceedings of the 16th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys '18). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 95–107.
4.N. Mohamed, J. Al-Jaroodi and I. Jawhar, "Towards Fault Tolerant Fog Computing for IoT-Based Smart City Applications," 2019 IEEE 9th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC), Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2019, pp. 0752-0757.
5.Gubbi, Jayavardhana, Rajkumar Buyya, Slaven Marusic, and Marimuthu Palaniswami. "Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions." Future generation computer systems 29, no. 7 (2013): 1645-1660.
6.Moghaddam, Mahyar Tourchi, and Henry Muccini. "Fault-tolerant iot." In International Workshop on Software Engineering for Resilient Systems, pp. 67-84. Springer, Cham, 2019.
7.Rullo, Antonino, Edoardo Serra, and Jorge Lobo. "Redundancy as a Measure of Fault-Tolerance for the Internet of Things: A Review." In Policy-Based Autonomic Data Governance, pp. 202-226. Springer, Cham, 2019.
8.A. Javed, K. Heljanko, A. Buda and K. Främling, "CEFIoT: A fault-tolerant IoT architecture for edge and cloud," 2018 IEEE 4th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), Singapore, 2018, pp. 813-818
9.M. Z. Hasan and F. Al-Turjman, "Optimizing Multipath Routing With Guaranteed Fault Tolerance in Internet of Things," in IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 17, no. 19, pp. 6463-6473, 1 Oct.1, 2017.
10.P. H. Su, C. Shih, J. Y. Hsu, K. Lin and Y. Wang, "Decentralized fault tolerance mechanism for intelligent IoT/M2M middleware," 2014 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), Seoul, 2014, pp. 45-50.
11.S. Zhou, K. Lin, J. Na, C. Chuang and C. Shih, "Supporting Service Adaptation in Fault Tolerant Internet of Things," 2015 IEEE 8th International Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA), Rome, 2015, pp. 65-72.
12.M. Mudassar, Y. Zhai, L. Liao and J. Shen, "A Decentralized Latency-Aware Task Allocation and Group Formation Approach With Fault Tolerance for IoT Applications," in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 4912-4923,2020.
13.A. Celesti, L. Carnevale, A. Galletta, M. Fazio and M. Villari, "A Watchdog Service Making Container-Based Micro-services Reliable in IoT Clouds," 2017 IEEE 5th International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud (FiCloud), Prague, 2017, pp. 372-378.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
To ensure uniformity of treatment among all contributors, other forms may not be substituted for this form, nor may any wording of the form be changed. This form is intended for original material submitted to AJCT and must accompany any such material in order to be published by AJCT. Please read the form carefully.
The undersigned hereby assigns to the Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology Issues ("AJCT") all rights under copyright that may exist in and to the above Work, any revised or expanded derivative works submitted to AJCT by the undersigned based on the Work, and any associated written, audio and/or visual presentations or other enhancements accompanying the Work. The undersigned hereby warrants that the Work is original and that he/she is the author of the Work; to the extent the Work incorporates text passages, figures, data or other material from the works of others, the undersigned has obtained any necessary permission. See Retained Rights, below.
AJCT distributes its technical publications throughout the world and wants to ensure that the material submitted to its publications is properly available to the readership of those publications. Authors must ensure that The Work is their own and is original. It is the responsibility of the authors, not AJCT, to determine whether disclosure of their material requires the prior consent of other parties and, if so, to obtain it.
RETAINED RIGHTS/TERMS AND CONDITIONS
1. Authors/employers retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in the Work.
2. Authors/employers may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce The Work and for the author's personal use or for company or organizational use, provided that the source and any AJCT copyright notice are indicated, the copies are not used in any way that implies AJCT endorsement of a product or service of any employer, and the copies themselves are not offered for sale.
3. Authors/employers may make limited distribution of all or portions of the Work prior to publication if they inform AJCT in advance of the nature and extent of such limited distribution.
4. For all uses not covered by items 2 and 3, authors/employers must request permission from AJCT.
5. Although authors are permitted to re-use all or portions of the Work in other works, this does not include granting third-party requests for reprinting, republishing, or other types of re-use.
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
AJCT Copyright Ownership
It is the formal policy of AJCT to own the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its technical publications and to the individual contributions contained therein, in order to protect the interests of AJCT, its authors and their employers, and, at the same time, to facilitate the appropriate re-use of this material by others.
If you are employed and prepared the Work on a subject within the scope of your employment, the copyright in the Work belongs to your employer as a work-for-hire. In that case, AJCT assumes that when you sign this Form, you are authorized to do so by your employer and that your employer has consented to the transfer of copyright, to the representation and warranty of publication rights, and to all other terms and conditions of this Form. If such authorization and consent has not been given to you, an authorized representative of your employer should sign this Form as the Author.
AJCT requires that the consent of the first-named author and employer be sought as a condition to granting reprint or republication rights to others or for permitting use of a Work for promotion or marketing purposes.
1. The undersigned represents that he/she has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment.
2. The undersigned agrees to indemnify and hold harmless AJCT from any damage or expense that may arise in the event of a breach of any of the warranties set forth above.
3. In the event the above work is accepted and published by AJCT and consequently withdrawn by the author(s), the foregoing copyright transfer shall become null and void and all materials embodying the Work submitted to AJCT will be destroyed.
4. For jointly authored Works, all joint authors should sign, or one of the authors should sign as authorized agent
for the others.
Licenced by :