Secure DLMS/COSEM communication for Next Generation Advanced Metering Infrastructure
Power System infrastructure is one of the critical components of any nation. The automation of the power system is essential for the reliable and secure operation of the grid. Data plays a vital role in any automated system. So, data security should be inherently present in any automated system for the proper operation of the available components. For the automation of metering system, Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) is being deployed in the power system. A smart meter is a critical component of AMI, whose data is used for load forecasting, scheduling, billing, and energy management. DLMS-COSEM acts as an application layer protocol for meter data exchange. This paper provides a detailed understanding of the DLMS-COSEM communication vulnerabilities, communication attack scenarios, high-security features, authentication procedures and suggests the best methodologies to be followed by a client or third-party system while communicating to the DLMS-COSEM servers in order to have a secure data exchange.
 DLMS/COSEM Architecture and Protocols, Blue Book Edition 8.1
 A. Grbovic, I. Ognjanovic and I. Vuckovic, "Security of AMR system in HPP Perucica," 2018 23rd International Scientific-Professional Conference on Information Technology (IT), Zabljak, 2018, pp. 1-4.
 H. Mendes, I. Medeiros and N. Neves, "Validating and Securing DLMS/COSEM Implementations with the ValiDLMS Framework," 2018 48th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshops (DSN-W), Luxembourg City, 2018, pp. 179-184.
 N. Luring, D. Szameitat, S. Hoffmann and G. Bumiller, "Analysis of security features in DLMS/COSEM: Vulnerabilities and countermeasures," 2018 IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT), Washington, DC, 2018, pp. 1-5.
 T. Lieskovan, J. Hajny and P. Cika, "Smart Grid Security: Survey and Challenges," 2019 11th International Congress on Ultra-Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops (ICUMT), Dublin, Ireland, 2019, pp. 1-5
 Dodla, Sidhartha, Lagineni Mahendra, Katta Jaganmohan, RK Senthil Kumar, and B. S. Bindhumadhava. "Wireless Real-time Meter Data Acquisition System." In TENCON 2019-2019 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON), pp. 997-1002. IEEE, 2019.
 S. Chang, T. William, W. Wu, B. Cheng, H. Chen and P. Hsu, "Design of an authentication and key management system for a smart meter gateway in AMI," 2017 IEEE 6th Global Conference on Consumer Electronics (GCCE), Nagoya, 2017, pp. 1-2
 S. G. Hoffmann, R. Massink and G. Bumiller, "New security features in DLMS/COSEM — A comparison to the smart meter gateway," 2015 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA), Bangkok, 2015, pp. 1-6.
 A. Sahu and A. Goulart, "Implementation of a C-UNB Module for NS-3 and Validation for DLMS-COSEM Application Layer Protocol," 2019 IEEE ComSoc International Communications Quality and Reliability Workshop (CQR), Naples, FL, USA, 2019, pp. 1-6.
 Kalluri, Rajesh, Lagineni Mahendra, RK Senthil Kumar, GL Ganga Prasad, and B. S. Bindhumadhava. "Analysis of communication channel attacks on control systems—scada in power sector." In ISGW 2017: Compendium of Technical Papers, pp. 115-131. Springer, Singapore, 2018.
 SungJin Kim, HyunSoo Chng and Taeshik Shon, "Survey on security techniques for AMI metering system," 2014 International SoC Design Conference (ISOCC), Jeju, 2014, pp. 192-193.
 Sidhartha Dodla, Lagineni Mahendra, Katta Jaganmohan, R.K.Senthil Kumar, B.S.Bindhumadhava “Secured Automatic Meter Reading for Implementation of SAMAST framework in India” ISUW2020- 6th international conference and Exhibition on smart grids and smart cities- preprint
 Tellbach, Denise, and Yan-Fu Li. "Cyber-attacks on smart meters in household nanogrid: Modeling, simulation and analysis." Energies 11, no. 2 (2018): 316.
 Tellbach, D., and Y. F. Li. "A survey on the cyber-security of distributed generation systems." Proceedings of the ESREL, Portorož, Slovenia (2017): 18-22.
 Sidhartha, Dodla, Lagineni Mahendra, Katta Jagan Mohan, RK Senthil Kumar, and B. S. Bindhumadhava. "Secure and Fault-tolerant Advanced Metering Infrastructure." In 2020 IEEE International Conference on Power Systems Technology (POWERCON), pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2020.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
To ensure uniformity of treatment among all contributors, other forms may not be substituted for this form, nor may any wording of the form be changed. This form is intended for original material submitted to AJCT and must accompany any such material in order to be published by AJCT. Please read the form carefully.
The undersigned hereby assigns to the Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology Issues ("AJCT") all rights under copyright that may exist in and to the above Work, any revised or expanded derivative works submitted to AJCT by the undersigned based on the Work, and any associated written, audio and/or visual presentations or other enhancements accompanying the Work. The undersigned hereby warrants that the Work is original and that he/she is the author of the Work; to the extent the Work incorporates text passages, figures, data or other material from the works of others, the undersigned has obtained any necessary permission. See Retained Rights, below.
AJCT distributes its technical publications throughout the world and wants to ensure that the material submitted to its publications is properly available to the readership of those publications. Authors must ensure that The Work is their own and is original. It is the responsibility of the authors, not AJCT, to determine whether disclosure of their material requires the prior consent of other parties and, if so, to obtain it.
RETAINED RIGHTS/TERMS AND CONDITIONS
1. Authors/employers retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in the Work.
2. Authors/employers may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce The Work and for the author's personal use or for company or organizational use, provided that the source and any AJCT copyright notice are indicated, the copies are not used in any way that implies AJCT endorsement of a product or service of any employer, and the copies themselves are not offered for sale.
3. Authors/employers may make limited distribution of all or portions of the Work prior to publication if they inform AJCT in advance of the nature and extent of such limited distribution.
4. For all uses not covered by items 2 and 3, authors/employers must request permission from AJCT.
5. Although authors are permitted to re-use all or portions of the Work in other works, this does not include granting third-party requests for reprinting, republishing, or other types of re-use.
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
AJCT Copyright Ownership
It is the formal policy of AJCT to own the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its technical publications and to the individual contributions contained therein, in order to protect the interests of AJCT, its authors and their employers, and, at the same time, to facilitate the appropriate re-use of this material by others.
If you are employed and prepared the Work on a subject within the scope of your employment, the copyright in the Work belongs to your employer as a work-for-hire. In that case, AJCT assumes that when you sign this Form, you are authorized to do so by your employer and that your employer has consented to the transfer of copyright, to the representation and warranty of publication rights, and to all other terms and conditions of this Form. If such authorization and consent has not been given to you, an authorized representative of your employer should sign this Form as the Author.
AJCT requires that the consent of the first-named author and employer be sought as a condition to granting reprint or republication rights to others or for permitting use of a Work for promotion or marketing purposes.
1. The undersigned represents that he/she has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment.
2. The undersigned agrees to indemnify and hold harmless AJCT from any damage or expense that may arise in the event of a breach of any of the warranties set forth above.
3. In the event the above work is accepted and published by AJCT and consequently withdrawn by the author(s), the foregoing copyright transfer shall become null and void and all materials embodying the Work submitted to AJCT will be destroyed.
4. For jointly authored Works, all joint authors should sign, or one of the authors should sign as authorized agent
for the others.
Licenced by :