Structure of Soil Moisture Sensing Electronic Irrigation System
Appropriate environmental conditions are necessary for optimum plant growth, improved crop yields, and efficient use of water and other resources. Automating the data acquisition process of the soil condition allows plant growth with less labor requirement. This project on "Structure of Soil Moisture Sensing Electronic Irrigation system" is intended to create an automated irrigation mechanism that turns the pumping motor ON and OFF on detecting the moisture content of the earth. In the domain of farming, utilization of appropriate means of irrigation is significant. The benefit of employing these techniques is to decrease human interference and still make certain appropriate irrigation. The objective of this project is to design a simple, easy-to-install microcontroller-based circuit to monitor and record the values of soil moisture levels that are continuously modified and controlled to optimize them to achieve maximum plant growth and yield. This automated irrigation project brings into play an Arduino board ATmega328P microcontroller used is a low power, cost-efficient chip by ATMEL that is programmed to collect the input signal of changeable moisture circumstances of the earth via a moisture detecting system. An integrated Liquid crystal display (LCD) is also used for the real-time display of data acquired from the sensor and the status of the various devices. Also, the use of easily available components reduces manufacturing and maintenance costs. The design is quite flexible as the software can be changed at any time. It can thus be tailor-made to the specific requirements of the user This makes an efficient system for optimization of yield with minimum use of water. This system is also economical, portable, and user-friendly.
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 Bircher, S., Skou, N., Jensen, K.H., Walker, J.P., & Rasmussen, L. (2011). A soil moisture and temperature network forSMOS validation in Western Denmark. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discus., 8, 9961-10006.
 Joaquín Gutiérrez, Juan Francisco Villa-Medina, AlejandraNieto-Garibay, and Miguel ÁngelPorta- Gándara “AutomatedIrrigation System Using a Wireless Sensor Network and GPRSModule " IEEE 2013
 SamySadeky, Ayoub Al-Hamadiy, Bernd Michaelisy, UsamaSayedz,“ An Acoustic Method for Soil Moisture Measurement ",IEEE 2004
 Thomas J. Jackson, Fellow, IEEE, Michael H. Cosh, RajatBindlish, Senior Member, IEEE, Patric J. Starks, David D. Bosch,MarkSeyfried, David C. Goodrich, Mary Susan Moran SeniorMember, IEEE. and Jinyang Du, “Validation of AdvancedMicrowave Scanning Radiometer Soil Moisture Products" IEEE 2
 JiaUddin, S.M. Taslim Reza, QaderNewaz, Jamal Uddin,Touhidul Islam, and Jone. MyonKim,“Automated Irrigation SystemUsing Solar Power" 02012 IEEE
 Ms. Sweta S. Patil, Prof. Mrs. A.V. Malvijay, “Review for ARMbased agriculture field monitoring system",International Journal ofScientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 5 February2014.
 B. shylaja, B. srinivas, " Design and implementation of agricultural automation through wireless network and GPRS", IJPRES, 2016
 Awati J.S., Patil V.S., “Automatic Irrigation Control by usingwireless sensor networks", Journal of Exclusive ManagementScience - June 2012-Vol 1 Issue 6.
 Rashid Hussain, JL Sahgal, Anshulgangwar, Md.Riyaj , “Controlof Irrigation Automatically By Using Wireless Sensor Network",International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE) ISSN: 2231 2307, Volume-3, Issue-1, March 2013.
 Shaohua Wan, "Research on the Model for Crop WaterRequirements in Wireless Sensor Networks", 2012 InternationalConference on Management of e-Commerce and e-Government.
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