Detection of SAR and Penetration Depth of EM waves on Human body with respect to Cellular 4G/LTE Base Stations

  • GVS Brijesh
  • Naveen N
  • Ankit Chaurasiya
  • Naga Teja
  • Devasis Pradhan


The advancement of cell phone correspondence design on the planet has further developed, leading to public worry over conceivable medical problems and openness to radio recurrence of electromagnetic energy produced from the cell base stations. The miniature strip fixes receiving wire display a huge job in electromagnetic energy communicating and getting conditions in a cell phone. In day-to-day existence, people are impacted by the electromagnetic radiations produced from cell base stations. Because of the intricacy of the human body structure, the estimation of the impact of the radiation is so troublesome. Two central points are predominantly considered among different elements while considering the impact of radiation from cell base station, they are specific absorption rate (SAR) and skin depth (SD). The specific absorption rate (SAR) and skin depth (SD) are straightforwardly registered as more complicated. In this paper, we assess the mathematical investigation of the SAR and SD concerning the genuine utilization of working recurrence of the cell phone for 4G/LTE correspondence. To start the model, MATLAB recreation devices were utilized and the result from that model was dissected results were contrasted hypothetically and with different scientists.

Keywords: SAR, Penetration Depth, Skin depth, LTE, Base stations, Electromagnetic Wave, Conductivity.


Download data is not yet available.


[1] Harmful effects of electromagnetic waves on blood tissues of the human body Author Vijay Kumar, Mushtaq Ahmed and A. K. Sharma (dept of physics, graphic era university, Dehradun India).
[2] World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 International Agency for Research on Cancer. IARC classifies radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans, Press release N° 208.
[3] Abdullah H. H., El-Hefnawi F. M., Elsherbeni, A. Z., “An FDTD Scattered Field Formulation for Dispersive Media,” Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2000; 1: 248 – 251, Salt Lake City, UT.
[4] Akimasa Hirata, Sachiko Kodera, Kensuke Sasaki, José Gomez tames,Ilkka Laakso, Andrew wood,Soichi Watanabe, and Kenneth R Foster--Human exposure to radiofrequency energy above 6 GHz: a review of computational dosimetry studies [5] Verma, S., Tejaswini, T. M., & Pradhan, D. (2019). Harmful effects of 5G radiations: Review. In IRAJ international conference (pp. 71-75). [6] Tun, H. M., Win, K. K. K., Naing, Z. M., Pradhan, D., & Sahu, P. K. (2021). Measurement Analysis of Specific Absorption Rate in Human Body Exposed to a Base Station Antenna by Using Finite Difference Time Domain Techniques. Semiconductor Science and Information Devices, 3(2). [7] Oo, W. M., Tun, H. M., Nway, T. M., Pradhan, D., Sahu, P. K., & Naing, Z. M. (2022, January). Design, Analysis and Fabrication of Dual Band Microstrip Patch Antenna for (L2) Band GPS and WiFi Applications. In 2022 International Conference for Advancement in Technology (ICONAT) (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
[8] Pradeep R Pawar, Prajwal Patil, Praneeth P Jain, Manoranjan K V, Devasis Pradhan (2020) 'Performance Analysis of Energy Detection Method in Spectrum Sensing Using Static & Variable Threshold Level for 3G/4G/VoLTE', Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology ISSN 2415-6272 (Print) |ISSN 2415-6264 (Online), 5(4), pp. 173-178 DOI: 10.36348/sjet.2020.v05i04.007
[9] Prathviraj Khande, Yogesh K. B, Manu M. M, Ravikiran G. N, Devasis Pradhan (2021) 'An overview of Algorithms for Adaptive Beam Forming (ABF) for Smart Antenna System (SAS)', South Asian Research Journal of Engineering and Technology ISSN 2664-4150 (Print) & ISSN 2664-794X (Online) , 3(1), pp. 23-30 DOI: 10.36346/sarjet.2021.v03i01.004
[10] H. M. Tun, Z. T. Thu Lin, D. Pradhan and P. K. Sahu,(2021) "Slotted Design of Rectangular Single / Dual Feed Planar Microstrip Patch Antenna for SISO and MIMO System," IEEE 2021 International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Energy Technologies (ICECET), 2021, Cape Town, South Africa pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICECET52533.2021.9698738
[11] Devasis Pradhan, A Dash (2020) 'An Overview of Beam Forming Techniques Toward the High Data Rate Accessible for 5G Networks', International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Data Communication, ISSN(p): 2320-2084, ISSN(e): 2321-2950 , 8(12), pp. 1-5
[12] Bornkessel C, Schubert M, Wuschek M, Schmidt P. Determination of the general public exposure around GSM and UMTS base stations. Radiat Prot Dosimetry (124):40-47; 2007.
[13] Subhash Chander Verma , Tejaswini T M, Devasis Pradhan (2019) 'Harmful Effects of 5G Radiations: Review', International Journal of Industrial Electronics and Electrical Engineering, ISSN(p): 2347-6982, ISSN(e): 2349-204X , 7(3), pp. 59-63
[14] Bhargav, H. Srinivasan, T.Varambally, S., “Effect of Mobile Phone-Induced Electromagnetic Field on Brain Hemodynamics and Human Stem Cell Functioning: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk and Early Diagnostic Value of Electron photonic Imaging”.Jan.2019.
[15] Rani MU, Baba VSSNS,Gundala S. (2018). Analysis of SAR in Human Blood, Bones and Muscles due to Mobile Waves at 900MHz, 1800MHz and 2400MHz. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 13, 5, 2125–2129.
0 Views | 0 Downloads
How to Cite
Brijesh, G., N, N., Chaurasiya, A., Teja, N., & Pradhan, D. (2022). Detection of SAR and Penetration Depth of EM waves on Human body with respect to Cellular 4G/LTE Base Stations. Asian Journal For Convergence In Technology (AJCT) ISSN -2350-1146, 8(2), 09-14.