DCS Based Atmospheric Water Extractor For Domestic Use
Availability of fresh water, which is fit for consumption,
has become a major concern due to its rising demand with rapidly
increasing population. Also, there is high possibility of water,
available at reservoirs, getting contaminated while transportation. A
partial solution to this is to find new renewable sources of water, one
of which is atmospheric water. It is the water present in air in the
form of vapour which gets added to atmosphere by natural process of
evaporation. The air containing water is termed as humid air and the
measurement of the extent of humidness of air is termed as humidity.
Coastal areas have the highest humidity values. This water, when
extracted, can serve as a secondary source of water to people living in
coastal areas. This would reduce the stress of water requirement on
the reservoirs. The process of liquefaction of water from air is called
condensation. It is done by lowering the temperature of air below its
dew point, which is the temperature at which air gets saturated by its
water content. There are machines called atmospheric water
generators which use this process to extract water from air. The water
is pure and safe for consumption. However, there are certain
disadvantages of which one is their high power requirement per litre
of water extracted. The goal of the industry is to reduce power
requirement and increase yield of water of these machines. There are
various applications of these systems such as for domestic
consumers, in healthcare facilities, in military establishments, in
industrial facilities etc.
Mukhopadhyay “Effect of Refrigerant Charge, Compressor
Speed and Air Flow Through the Evaporator on the
Performance of an Automotive Air Conditioning System”
International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference.
 P. Binneberg, E. Kraus, H. Quack “Reduction In Power
Consumption Of Household Refrigerators By Using Variable
Speed Compressors” International Refrigeration and Air
 Alessandro Scrivania, Ugo Bardib “A study of the use of
solar concentrating plants for the atmospheric water vapour
extraction from ambient air in the Middle East and Northern
Africa region” the conference on Desalination and the
Environment. Sponsored by the European Desalination
Society and Center for Research and Technology Hellas
(CERTH), Sani Resort, Halkidiki, Greece, April 22–25, 2007.
 A.E. Kabeel, Mohammad Abdulaziz, Emad M.S., EI-Said
“Solar-based atmospheric water generator utilisation of afresh water recovery: A numerical study” International Journal
on Ambient Energy, Vol. 37, Pages 68-75, Issue 1, Oct. 2013.
 Sahil Doshi, Shubham Chaudhari, Saheel Aitwade, Ratan
Singh, and C. P. Waykole “Development of Water Generation
System from Air” International Journal of Current Engineering
and Technology, Special Issue-4 E-ISSN 2277 – 4106, P-ISSN
2347 – 5161 ©2016 INPRESSCO. Available at
 Anna Magrini, Lucia Cattani, Marco Cartesegna, Lorenza
Magnani “Water Production from Air Conditioning Systems:
Some Evaluations about a Sustainable Use of Resources”
Sustainability2017,9, 1309; doi:10.3390/su9081309
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