UNDERSTANDING THE ARCHITECTURE OF INTERNET OF THINGS USING A CASE STUDY OF SMART PARKING b
Nowadays, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the latest research trend all over the world. IoT is a multidisciplinary branch that includes electronics, civil, computer and mechanical. The things named after "smart" in the market are nothing but the products of IoT. To understand a complete picture of IoT, information of all the branches is necessary. In this paper, a case study of smart parking is explained in brief so that one should get familiar with all the aspects needed to implement any application of the IoT. It has importance in almost all sectors such as smart home, cities, environment, energy, retail, logistics, agriculture, industries, health, and lifestyle. The focus of IoT is on configuration, control, and networking via the internet of devices or "things" that are traditionally not associated with the internet. This paper discusses all the layers of the architecture of IoT. Using the knowledge offered by this paper, anyone interested in carrying out an end to end application of the IoT to implement any smart system will get a complete idea about how to proceed as well as about what sectors he/she should be aware of. In this paper, various methods to achieve a complete end to end smart parking are discussed and the same methods can be used to achieve various systems such as smart lighting, smart home, healthcare, smart agriculture, etc.
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